Bronwyn Howell, ISCR General Manager

Bronwyn Howell
Address: Victoria University PO Box 600
Wellington
Education:

MBA (Distinction), Victoria University of Wellington, 1999

BA (Honours), Victoria University of Wellington 1981

BA Mathmatics and English Literature,  Victoria University of Wellington, 1980

Curriculum Vitae: Download Curriculum Vitae 90kB

Research Interests

  • Information Economics
  • Industrial Organisation with a focus on the Health and Technology Sectors.

Selected publications

Academic Journal
Jun
2004
"Medical Misadventure and Accident Compensation in New Zealand: An Incentives-Based Analysis", Victoria University Law Review 2004. 35(4), 857-878

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This article discusses the role of incentives to reduce the occurrence of medical misadventure. It argues that appropriate incentives may induce the practice of appropriate levels of precaution, by sharing the costs of insufficient levels of precaution between those with the power to exert clinical precaution (practitioners) and monitor and enforce its exertion (administrative agencies), and the victims who will otherwise bear the costs of inadequate levels of precaution being taken.

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Jan
0001
"Infrastructure Regulation and the Demand for Broadband Services: Evidence from the OECD Countries", Communications and Strategies 47, 33-62

Jan
0001
"No-Fault Public Liability Insurance: Evidence from New Zealand", Agenda 9 (2), 134-150 (with Lisa Marriott, Judy Kavanagh)

Jan
0001
"Lessons from New Zealand for England's NHS Foundation Trusts", The Journal of Health Services Research and Policy 9 (2), 104-109

Jan
0001
"Restructuring Primary Health Care Markets in New Zealand: from Welfare Benefits to Insurance Markets", Australia and New Zealand Health Policy, forthcoming

Jan
0001
"Corporatisation of New Zealand Public Hospitals: An Ownership-Based Analysis", Agenda 7(3), 237-250

Other
Sep
2012
"Regulating Broadband Networks: Assessing the Global Data for Evidence-Based Public Policy - presented by Bronwyn Howell, Sept 2012", 2012.

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Bronwyn Howell's paper and presentation for the Tullock Lecture on 'Big Ideas About Information', presented at the Information Economy Project, George Mason University, Arlington Virginia, 25 September 2012. Link  here

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Jul
2008
"Catching-Up in Broadband Regressions: Does Local Loop Unbundling Policy Lead to Material Increases in OECD Broadband Uptake?", 2008. (with Glenn Boyle, Wei Zhang)

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Mar
2008
"Regulated Retail Tariff Structures, Dial-Up Substitution and Broadband Diffusion: Learning from New Zealand’s Experience", 2008.

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Nov
2007
"A Pendulous Progression: New Zealand’s Telecommunications Regulation 1987-2007", 2007.

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Jul
2007
"Financial Risk in Primary Health Care Contracting:Implications for Sector Structure, Ownership and Outcomes", 2007.

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Jul
2007
"Contractual Pitfalls in Capitated Primary Health Care: Sharing Random Demand Risk in New Zealand’s Strategy", 2007.

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May
2007
"Paying for the Hospital Waiting List Cull at the GP's Surgery: The Changing Locus of Financial Risk-Bearing in New Zealand's Primary Healthcare Sector", Agenda, forthcoming

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The New Zealand arrangements lead to some very unusual allocations of costs and financial risk relative to standard managed care models. Specifically, all risk management responsibilities lie with a large number of very small providers, leading to high costs in respect of statistical variation in the allocation of patient pools and demand for care amongst practitioners. As only practitioners can charge fees, a disproportionate share of the costs of risk management are borne by ill individuals, in proportion to each time they visit a general practitioner. The paper illustrates these ‘perverse' effects using two recent demand shocks

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Apr
2007
"Unveiling 'Invisible Hands': Two-Sided Platforms in Health Care Markets", Policy, forthcoming

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Drawing upon the principles of markets with two-sided platforms, which are similarly characterised by approaches to competition where welfare is maximised when prices differ from marginal cost, this paper develops an alternative taxonomy for thinking about institutional design and the application of competition principles in health care markets.

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Nov
2006
"Competition, Regulation and Broadband Diffusion: the Case of New Zealand", Handbook of Research on Global Diffusion of Broadband and Data Transmission , 138-157

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Oct
2006
"An Institutional Economics Analysis of Regulatory Institutions in the Telecommunications Sector", 2006.

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This paper takes as a starting point for developing deeper understandings the assumption that both regulatory bodies and the sectors in which they operate are institutions. The body of literature about the operation of institutions provides a means of understanding the actors, arrangements, rules and culture, values and norms that shape the ICTS sector. With this understanding, it is then possible to analyse using the same frameworks how these same forces act upon and shape the regulatory institutions, and ultimately how the regulatory institutions themselves contribute to shaping the wider ICTS sector in which they operate.

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Jun
2005
"Restructuring Primary Health Care Markets in New Zealand: Financial Risk, Competition, Innovation and Governance Implications", 2005.

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The paper finds that the change in arrangements is likely to lead to higher costs of financial risk and reduction in the level of competition between providers of health care services

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Feb
2003
"Telecommunications Usage in New Zealand: 1993-2003", 2003. (with Mark Obren)

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This report suggests that the telecommunications market in New Zealand is surprisingly mature. We infer that the potential for growth is limited.

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May
2002
"The Rural-Urban "Digital Divide" in New Zealand Progress Since September 2000", 2002. (with Lisa Marriott)

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The purpose of our study is to provide some additional data to increase understanding of any potential New Zealand geographical differences in business use of the Internet. Consistent with the definition of electronic commerce used in both the MED/BRC and ISCR studies, we define "business use of the internet" to be any business use to which the Internet
is put, thus including both transactions of information (email, advertising, web-based searches), and buying and selling (business to business and business to consumer) exchanges.

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Oct
2001
"The Rural-Urban "Digital Divide" in New Zealand: Fact or Fable?", Promethius 2001. 19(13),, 231-251

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Bronwyn Howell looks into the "Digital Divide" in New Zealand.

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Jan
2000
"A Response to Vaithianathans the Failure of Corporitisation: Public Hospitals in New Zealand", Agenda 2001. 7, 4

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Working Papers

Nov
2013
"Broadband Regulation & Government Investment in Nationwide UltraFast Fibre Broadband Networks: Evidence from New Zealand", 2013.

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Sep
2012
"Regulating Broadband Networks: Assessing the Global Data for Evidence-Based Policy presented by Bronwyn Howell at GMU Tullock Lecture", 2012.

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ISCR General Manager Bronwyn Howell was honoured to be invited by the Information Economy Project at George Mason University to deliver The Tullock Lecture on ‘Big Ideas About Information’ on 25 September in Arlington, Virginia:     

Policy makers in the U.S. and around the world are wrestling with “the broadband problem” – how to get advanced forms of Internet access to businesses and consumers.  A variety of regulatory approaches have been used, some focusing on incentives to drive deployment of rival networks, others on network sharing mandates or government subsidies.  Despite a wealth of diverse experience, there seems to be a great deal of confusion about what the data actually suggest. Few people have studied these data more carefully, however, than New Zealand economist Bronwyn Howell, who will frame the lessons of the global broadband marketplace. 

 George Mason University link to The Tullock Lecture on Big Ideas About Information here

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Aug
2012
"Will they fly?: Different Forms of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in New Zealand’s UFB Initiative", 2012. (with Bert Sadowski)

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This paper was co-authored with Bronwyn Howell and presented by Bert Sadowski (ISCR ST Lee Fellow 2012) at the TPRC conference 21-23 Sept 2012. Bert Sadowski will present this paper on pubic-private-partnerships (PPP) he prepared as S T Lee Fellow at ISCR in February and March 2012.

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Aug
2012
"Competition and Regulation Policy in Antipodean Government-Funded UltraFast Fibre Broadband Markets", 2012.

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Bronwyn Howell presented this paper at the TPRC Conference 21-23 Sept 2012 giving a comparative analysis of the competitive regimes governing the Australian and New Zealand fast fibre network deployments.

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Jul
2012
"Dimensions of Community Governance in Primary Health Care Reform", 2012. (with Carolyn Cordery)

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Carolyn Cordery presented this paper's overview (co-authored with Bronwyn Howell)at the NZ Association for the study of Cooperatives & Mutuals conference held in Wellington 21-22 June 2012. Link here

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Jun
2012
"New Zealand’s Electricity Lines Companies: An Ownership Analysis", 2012. (with Talosaga Talosaga)

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Bronwyn Howell presented this paper at the NZ Association for the study of Cooperatives & Mutuals held in Wellington 21-22 June 2012.

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Feb
2012
"Diverse Dimensions of the 'Digital Divide': Perspectives from New Zealand", 2012.

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Dec
2011
"Legal Protection for the Database: Is there a better way?", 2011. (with Susan Corbett, Mina Moayyed)

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May
2011
"From Providers to PHOs: an institutional analysis of nonprofit primary health care governance in New Zealand", 2011. (with Carolyn Cordery)

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May
2011
"Can continuous disclosure improve the performance of State-Owned Enterprises?", 2011. (with Talosaga Talosaga, David Heatley)

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Nov
2010
"The Tyranny of Distance Prevails: HTTP protocol latency and returns to fast fibre internet access network deployment in remote economies", 2010. (with Mark Obren)

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Oct
2010
"Regulatory Implications of Structural Separation", 2010. (with David Heatley)

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Jun
2010
"Structural Separation and Prospects for Welfare-Enhancing Price Discrimination in a New 'Natural Monopoly' Network: comparing fibre broadband proposals in Australia and New Zealand", 2010. (with David Heatley)

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Jun
2010
"Overseas Investment: is New Zealand 'Open for Business'?", 2010. (with David Heatley)

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Jun
2010
"Flat-Rate Tariffs and Competitive Entry in Telecommunications Markets", 2010.

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Apr
2010
"Feeding a need for speed or Funding a Fibre 'Arms Race'?", Communications and Strategies 78, 127-45 (with Arthur Grimes)

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Nov
2009
"Comments to Federal Communications Commission in response to Broadband Study Conducted by the Berkman Center for Internet and Society", 2009.

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Oct
2009
"The Brand is the Bundle - Strategies for the Mobile Ecosystem", Communications & Strategies No.75, 3rd Quarter 2009, 79 (with David Heatley)

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Oct
2009
"Digital Rights and Copyright in New Zealand: s 92A of the Copyright Act and the Institutional Roles of ISPs and the Copyright Tribunal", 2009. (with Susan Corbett, Mina Moayyed)

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Jul
2009
"Politics and the Pursuit of Efficiency in New Zealand's Telecommunications Sector 1987-2008", 2009.

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Apr
2009
"Structural Separation versus Vertical Integration: Lessons for Telecommunications from Electricity Reforms", 2009. (with Richard Meade, R. Seini O'Connor)

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Apr
2009
"Separating New Zealand’s Incumbent Provider: A Political Economy Analysis", 2009.

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Oct
2008
"Strategic Interaction Under Asymmetric Regulation: the 'Kiwi Share' in New Zealand Telecommunications", 2008.

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Sep
2008
"The Role of Price Structure in Telecommunications Technology Diffusion", 2008.

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Jul
2008
"Catching-Up in Broadband Regressions: Does Local Loop Unbundling Policy Lead to Material Increases in OECD Broadband Uptake?", 2008. (with Glenn Boyle, Wei Zhang)

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Jul
2008
"From Competition to Regulation: New Zealand Telecommunications Sector Performance 1987-2007", 2008.

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Jul
2008
"The End or the Means? The Pursuit of Competition in Regulated Telecommunications Markets", Regulation and the Evolution of the global Telecommunications Industry (Edward Elgar) ISBN 978 1 84844 588 8, 167-187

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Jul
2008
"Telecommunications Market Evolution in Finland and New Zealand: Unbundling the Differences", 2008. (with Manisha Sangekar)

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Mar
2008
"Regulated Retail Tariff Structures, Dial-Up Substitution and Broadband Diffusion: Learning from New Zealand’s Experience", 2008.

Filetype IconDownload (PDF) 278kB

View full details »

Nov
2007
"A Pendulous Progression: New Zealand’s Telecommunications Regulation 1987-2007", 2007.

Filetype IconDownload (PDF) 919kB

View full details »

Jul
2007
"Financial Risk in Primary Health Care Contracting:Implications for Sector Structure, Ownership and Outcomes", 2007.

Filetype IconDownload (PDF) 171kB

View full details »

Jul
2007
"Contractual Pitfalls in Capitated Primary Health Care: Sharing Random Demand Risk in New Zealand’s Strategy", 2007.

Filetype IconDownload (PDF) 238kB

View full details »

May
2007
"Paying for the Hospital Waiting List Cull at the GP's Surgery: The Changing Locus of Financial Risk-Bearing in New Zealand's Primary Healthcare Sector", Agenda, forthcoming

Filetype IconDownload (PDF) 147kB

The New Zealand arrangements lead to some very unusual allocations of costs and financial risk relative to standard managed care models. Specifically, all risk management responsibilities lie with a large number of very small providers, leading to high costs in respect of statistical variation in the allocation of patient pools and demand for care amongst practitioners. As only practitioners can charge fees, a disproportionate share of the costs of risk management are borne by ill individuals, in proportion to each time they visit a general practitioner. The paper illustrates these ‘perverse' effects using two recent demand shocks

View full details »

Apr
2007
"Unveiling 'Invisible Hands': Two-Sided Platforms in Health Care Markets", Policy, forthcoming

Filetype IconDownload (PDF) 183kB

Drawing upon the principles of markets with two-sided platforms, which are similarly characterised by approaches to competition where welfare is maximised when prices differ from marginal cost, this paper develops an alternative taxonomy for thinking about institutional design and the application of competition principles in health care markets.

View full details »

Nov
2006
"Competition, Regulation and Broadband Diffusion: the Case of New Zealand", Handbook of Research on Global Diffusion of Broadband and Data Transmission , 138-157

Filetype IconDownload (PDF) 235kB

View full details »

Oct
2006
"Planet Skin", New Zealand Case Studies in Information Systems , Chapt 3

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Jun
2004
"Medical Misadventure and Accident Compensation in New Zealand: An Incentives-Based Analysis", Victoria University Law Review 2004. 35(4), 857-878

Filetype IconDownload (PDF) 223kB

This article discusses the role of incentives to reduce the occurrence of medical misadventure. It argues that appropriate incentives may induce the practice of appropriate levels of precaution, by sharing the costs of insufficient levels of precaution between those with the power to exert clinical precaution (practitioners) and monitor and enforce its exertion (administrative agencies), and the victims who will otherwise bear the costs of inadequate levels of precaution being taken.

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Jan
2004
"The State of e-New Zealand 12 months on", The Edge of the Global Economy 2004. First Edition, 14 (with Lisa Marriott)

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We acknowledge the considerable difficulties in measuring and assessing the complete range of benefits arising from the use of these technologies, given that the ultimate effects of their use are hard to separate out from other factors. Hence, we once again test our hypothesis: that if New Zealand is performing at the international forefront of infrastructure indicators, then there is every reason to believe that, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, it is performing well also in those areas where no measurable or reliable indicators of performance are available.

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May
2002
"The Rural-Urban "Digital Divide" in New Zealand Progress Since September 2000", 2002. (with Lisa Marriott)

Filetype IconDownload (PDF) 215kB

The purpose of our study is to provide some additional data to increase understanding of any potential New Zealand geographical differences in business use of the Internet. Consistent with the definition of electronic commerce used in both the MED/BRC and ISCR studies, we define "business use of the internet" to be any business use to which the Internet
is put, thus including both transactions of information (email, advertising, web-based searches), and buying and selling (business to business and business to consumer) exchanges.

View full details »

Feb
2002
"Broadband Uptake and Infrastructure Regulation: Evidence from the OECD Countries", Communications and Strategies 2002. 47, 33-62

Filetype IconDownload (PDF) 311kB

This paper argues that content availability, and a cost-benefit trade-off supported by bundled products combining access and content, has stimulated demand for the cable product, thereby creating competitive pressure on DSL offerings. While local loop unbundling posits faster response to this competitive pressure, the OECD data provide little evidence to suggest that the primary driver is infrastructure availability. Rather, the evidence implies that application costbenefit tradeoffs are the primary drivers of broadband uptake

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Oct
2001
"The Rural-Urban "Digital Divide" in New Zealand: Fact or Fable?", Promethius 2001. 19(13),, 231-251

Filetype IconDownload (PDF) 177kB

Bronwyn Howell looks into the "Digital Divide" in New Zealand.

View full details »

Jan
2000
"A Response to Vaithianathans the Failure of Corporitisation: Public Hospitals in New Zealand", Agenda 2001. 7, 4

Filetype IconDownload (PDF) 38kB

View full details »